Obesity and osteoarthritis, find out the link between the two.
Obesity is one of the modifiable factor that causes osteoarthritis. This is an important topic that has been researched.
Obesity causes many disorder in the body and the joints are not left out as part of the body affected. Obesity and osteoarthritis can not be seperated as most of those who are obese end up suffering from osteoarthritis. Obesity and osteoarthritis.
WHAT IS OSTEOARTHRITIS?
osteoarthritis is a joint disorder.
Sometimes called degenerative joint disease or degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic condition of the joints, affecting approximately 27 million Americans. OA can affect any joint, but it occurs most often in knees, hips, lower back and neck, small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe. Obesity and osteoarthritis
In normal joints, a firm, rubbery material called cartilage covers the end of each bone. Cartilage provides a smooth, gliding surface for joint motion and acts as a cushion between the bones. In OA, the cartilage breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. As OA worsens over time, bones may break down and develop growths called spurs. Bits of bone or cartilage may chip off and float around in the joint. In the body, an inflammatory process occurs and cytokines (proteins) and enzymes develop that further damage the cartilage. In the final stages of OA, the cartilage wears away and bone rubs against bone leading to joint damage and more pain. Obesity and osteoarthritis
LINK BETWEEN OBESITY AND OSTEOARTHRITIS
Obesity and osteoarthritis
obesity is one the modifiable factor that causes osteoarthritis. The fat or adipose tissue in the body contains a lot of adipocytes. The excess fat adds extra loads to the joints their by making the joints bear excess weight. Aside from the weight bearing joints other joints are also affected. This is because the adipocyte produces what is called adipokines which when it becomes excess causes an inflammation in the joints and erodes the cartilages.
Osteoarthritis is commoner in females and people above 45years. Obesity and osteoarthritis
As osteoarthritis and obesity worsen, the level of disability and pain may reach the point where joint replacement surgery is the only remedy. But obese patients’ poor health status can lead to a serious complications during surgery. The surgery may take longer and be more difficult, and infection, bleeding and blood clots are more likely to occur. Even after a successful surgery, some individuals never achieve the full post-operative mobility improvement experienced by normal weight patients. Obesity and osteoarthritis
WHAT SHOULD BE DONE TO PREVENT OSTEOARTHRITIS
any disease that has a modifiable factor can be modified and cured. It is that simple. If you are overweight or obese and you already have osteoarthritis, something can still be done. If you are to have osteoarthritis and you are overweight or obese, then it is time to nip it in the bird. Obesity and osteoarthritis
You need to drop that unwanted fat. Its not something that can not be done. People have done it before and it worked for them.
Losing weight its about making up your mind on what you want. I have been through this lane and I pulled through successfully and never went back to my usually shape.Obesity and osteoarthritis
Assess weight and advise all overweight and obese persons to lose weight
Review health benefits emphasizing the link between weight loss, exercise and improvement in joint pain
Suggest an initial weight loss goal of 10% and a safe rate of weight loss
Review changes in eating, behavior, and physical activity that are necessary to lose weight
Discuss how to proceed (e.g., on own or in a program) and maximize support
Monitor progress with follow-up visits. Obesity and osteoarthritis
There are many things you can do to facilitate safe and effective weight management of obesity and osteoarthritis. First, address weight directly as an important component of arthritis management. Clearly advise all overweight and obese patients to lose weight. Second, review the health benefits of small weight losses with patients, emphasizing the positive effects of reduced weight and exercise on OA-symptoms such as pain. Third, suggest an initial weight loss goal of 10%; if patients are successful achieving this, further weight loss can be attempted, if appropriate. A recommended rate of weight loss is 1-2 lbs per week. Fourth, discuss with patients how they can best achieve weight loss. Successful strategies for weight loss include calorie reduction, increased physical activity, and behavior therapy designed to improve eating and physical activity habits. Specifically, you should suggest that overweight and obese patients:Obesity and osteoarthritis
Participate in moderate physical activity, progressing to 30 minutes or more on most or preferably all days of the week.
Cut back on both dietary fat and total calories. While reducing dietary fat can help reduce calories and is heart-healthy, this method alone – without reducing calories – will not produce weight loss.
Make weight-maintenance a priority after the first 6 months of weight-loss therapy.
It may be helpful to discuss whether a structured weight management program in your community that offers education and support would be helpful. They are many inexpensive options available in most communities (i.e., commercial or hospital-based programs). In larger centers, clinical weight management services may be available. Clinical programs offer comprehensive assessment and treatment approaches by a multi disciplinary team. Additional options such as the use of very-low-calorie diets, gastric surgery, or pharmacotherapy are often available. These programs are especially appropriate for individuals with co-morbid health conditions or those who are severely overweight. While services are often more costly in clinical programs, in some cases they may be covered by health insurance. Obesity and osteoarthritis